Mood Disorder, also known as (MDD) or unipolar depression, is a chronic condition that causes persistent sadness and despair. It can be treated with psychotherapy, self-help tips, and medications. Here’s what you need to know about this common mental health condition. For medicine you need to take advice from a psychiatrist in Lahore.

What is Mood Disorder?

That can cause severe disruption to your life. It can be difficult to live with, and often requires treatment.

Two types:

affective (mood) disorders, which include depression and bipolar disorder; and neurotic (affective) disorders, which include anxiety disorders such as panic attacks or phobias.

Causes of Mood Disorder

Mood disorders are a group of conditions that affect the way you feel and think. They can be very serious, but many people who experience mood disorders get better with help from their doctor or therapist.

Mood disorders include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety (including generalized anxiety disorder)
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia

Symptoms of Mood Disorder

If you experience more than four of the following symptoms for more than two weeks, you likely have a mood disorder:

  • Depression – Feeling sad for no reason; not being able to concentrate on one thing at once; sleeping too much or not enough; feeling hopeless about the future and life in general
  • Anxiety – Being worried about things that don’t matter (like how you’ll pay rent next month), feeling worried that something bad will happen (like losing your job), having trouble concentrating because everything seems scary or chaotic around you

Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day.

  • Feelings of sadness, emptiness, or irritability.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed, including sex.

When you’re dealing with a mood disorder, you may find that you have no interest in doing you pleasure or enjoyment. You might not feel like reading your favorite book or watching your favorite TV show—or even talking to friends or spending time with family.

It’s important to remember this is a symptom of depression and not an indication that there’s something wrong with the things themselves. The activities should still be enjoyable; it’s just that the lack of interest makes them less exciting than they used to be.

Weight loss or gain is one of the most common symptoms

Weight loss or gain is one of the most common symptoms of depression, with about half of people experiencing it. It’s not caused by dieting or eating more, less, or exercising more. Nor is it the result of any other lifestyle change.

A decrease in reactivity to external stimuli (reduction in emotional responsiveness)

A loss of energy for everyday tasks or activities

Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day

You may feel tired nearly every day. This can be different than the “get up and go” feeling you may have had in the past. You do not want to go places, do things, or even get out of bed.

As a result of this fatigue, you may:

  • Have trouble starting things due to lack of energy – like cooking, cleaning, doing yard work, etc.
  • Have a hard time keeping focused on tasks while at home and/or at work
  • Feel sleepy during the day even though you are not sleeping well at night (or vice versa)

Feelings of worthlessness

·         A feeling of being punished

  • Low self-esteem

Self Help Tips

  • Meditate
  • Exercise
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Eat healthy and nutritious foods that are good for your moods, such as fish and low-fat dairy products. Avoid sugary snacks and junk food if you’re struggling with depression or anxiety.
  • Get support from others who understand what you’re going through; talking about how you feel will help relieve some of the symptoms of depression and make them easier to handle when they do happen again in the future!


Psychotherapy is a form of treatment that involves talking about your feelings and problems with a trained therapist. The goal of psychotherapy is to help you understand your feelings and how they affect your life.

People who are experiencing depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, anger management issues, or relationship problems. Psychotherapy may also be used to treat other mental health conditions such as bipolar disorder (manic episodes), schizophrenia (delusions), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and others.

If you’re interested in finding out more about our approach to psychotherapy or would like some advice from one of our experienced therapists then please get in touch today!


Medications are used to help with the symptoms of mood disorders. A medication may be prescribed by a doctor or psychiatrist, depending on the severity of your condition and how well you respond to treatment. However, medications do not cure the disorder; they only treat it temporarily until you can get back on track with therapy or self-help techniques (such as cognitive behavioral therapy).

Medications can have side effects that can be harmful, especially if taken for a long time. Side effects include anxiety, depression, and other mental health disorders (like schizophrenia), suicidal thoughts/attempts/thoughts about harming others/suicidal gestures such as overdose from sleeping pills), hallucinations (seeing things that aren’t real) which could lead to someone who is already depressed even more so because they see these things every day when they’re awake.

My Story

I was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in college. Before that, my moods were pretty stable and didn’t fluctuate much. When I was first diagnosed, my doctor told me that I had “extreme mood swings,” which wasn’t helpful at all—it felt like a way of saying “you’re going through life as if you’re having an episode.”

It took me some time to find the medication that worked for me and get on top of my depression and anxiety. It also took time for me to understand what it meant when people said things like: “You look so happy today.” Maybe they meant they liked the way I looked; maybe they meant something else entirely (like “This is probably because you have no reason not to be happy right now”). In any case, both situations felt good for different reasons!

If you see these signs in yourself you might have a mood disorder

If you have a mood disorder, it will affect your life in many ways. You may have trouble with relationships, school, work, and other areas of your life.

If you think that you may have a mood disorder:

  • Talk with a doctor or nurse who can help make sure that the symptoms are not something else.
  • If the doctor thinks that this is more than just stress, ask what type of treatment might be right for you. There are many types of psychotherapy and medications that could help.


  • Mood disorders are characterized by a change in mood, such as feeling happy or sad.
  • The symptoms can range from mild to severe, and there is no one way to experience them.
  • Depression is the most common type of mood disorder, but other types include bipolar disorder and dysthymia.


I hope you found this article useful and that it can help improve your mood. If you feel like the symptoms listed above are affecting your life, it’s important to seek professional help. It may seem easy for others to tell when something is wrong with them or their loved ones, but this isn’t always true. Sometimes people don’t want to talk about their problems because they think that no one will understand or care—or maybe even take advantage of them! But if you think that it would be helpful for someone close to listen and offer advice without judging, then consider talking with them about what’s going on.

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