Solar Panels in Florida – What Are Their Different Types

Are you considering going solar? Purchasing a solar panel for your space may appear complex, but it is as straightforward as buying a new phone. Before purchasing a phone or a laptop, we conduct extensive research. The same logic applies to buying a solar power plant. There are numerous varieties of solar panels in Florida. Each has advantages and disadvantages. But, before we delve into the wide varieties of solar panels, let us first define what solar panels are and how they work.

Solar Panels: An Overview

Solar panels of all varieties are used to convert solar energy into electricity. Each panel is made up of a number of individual solar cells. Solar panels of 72 and 60 cells are the most commonly used, with dimensions of 2m x 1m and 1.6m x 1m, respectively.

Solar cells are composed of layers of silicon (a semiconductor), phosphorus (a negative charge), and boron (a positive charge). Similarly, sunshine is made up of different energy particles known as “photons.”

When these photons collide with the surface of solar panels, they knock electrons out of the silicon. This starts a directed electric current that passes through busbars and silver fingers printed on silicon cells. This is how solar panels generate energy, and light generating electricity is known as the Photovoltaic Effect.

Solar Panel Types

Monocrystalline Solar Panels

Monocrystalline solar panels are sometimes referred to as single crystal panels. They are composed of pure silicon crystals sliced into multiple wafers to produce cells. Because these wafers are cut into an octagonal shape, they have a distinct appearance and uniform color. Because they are made of pure silicon, they are easily distinguished by their black or dark blue color.

Half Cut cells are a technique used in monocrystalline solar panels. The square-shaped cells are sliced in half here, resulting in twice the number of cells. The top half of the panel has all cells connected in one series, while the bottom half has all cells connected in another. This permits the panel to continue producing power in the upper half, even if there is a shadow on the bottom half. As a result, the overall power generation from half-cut cells is higher in commercial solar panel installations with partial shadow concerns.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

Polycrystalline solar panels are made up of many silicon crystals. They are created by melting silicon pieces and pouring them into square molds. After cooling, the crystals are sliced into thin wafers and joined to make a polycrystalline solar panel. They’re also referred to as “multi-crystalline” panels.

Solar Panels with Passivated Emitter and Rear Cells (PERC)

These solar panels, often known as rear cells, are made with cutting-edge technology. It is accomplished by putting a coating on the back of solar cells. Traditional solar panels capture only a portion of the sunlight, and some of it travels directly through them. The extra layer in the PERC panels allows unconsumed sunlight to be absorbed from the back side of the panels, increasing efficiency even further.

PERC technology is now commonly used with Monocrystalline cells to make high-efficiency Mono-PERC Sunpower solar panels with the greatest power ratings among high-efficiency solar panels.

Thin-film Solar Panels

Thin-film solar panels, as opposed to monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels, are made with photovoltaic materials such as amorphous silicon (a-Si), copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), and cadmium telluride (CdTe). These compounds are coated onto a hard object such as glass, metal, or plastic, resulting in a lighter and easier-to-install product.

Conclusion

Choosing the proper and ideal type of solar panels for your space may appear difficult, but after you have gathered all the information, making the decision becomes easier. When choosing the best solar panel for your area and proper detail about commercial solar installation, you should carefully weigh each option’s benefits and drawbacks.

Leave a Comment