Skin Cancer Treatment London: Symptoms, causes and treatment 

Skin cancer is considered to be one of the most affected cancer types suffered by millions across the globe. The general cause cited for the same is due to prolonged exposure to sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays.  Risk faced is much higher if those residing in areas experiencing intense sun. Even those taking vacations to such areas are affected. Ozone layer getting depleted also plays a role to increase the incidence as it acts as a natural shield against the UV rays.

Other common causes

Besides the sun’s UV rays, tanning booths are also considered to cause cancer. The reason is because it uses ultraviolet rays for tanning purpose. Those with fair skin are found to be a higher risk of contracting this type of cancer. The reason is because of their melanin being in low levels. This substance is actually a pigment essential to provide the skin with its colour. It also safeguards the skin from harmful UV rays.

4 essential types to know about

  • Basal cell carcinoma: It is a commonly occurring skin tumour that is destructive and locally invasive. It tends to destroy tissue present in the surrounding. However, it does not cause death.
  • Melanoma: This pigment skin tumour is stated to be serious as well as life-threatening. Availing Skin Cancer Treatment London will be essential to ensure being in good health.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: It is stated to be three times rarer when compared to basal type. However, its behaviour is quite similar.
  • Bowen disease: It is termed to be squamous cell carcinoma’s cousin, however, considered to be more superficial. It involves only the skin’s external layer only.

Know the types in details

Basal cell carcinoma appears like a pearl, elevated, round-oval shaped bump having red coloration. The latter is caused by red blood vessels that go into or across it. At times, several small bumps might develop into a circle, easily bleed and ulcerate. Squamous cell carcinoma has uneven, but well-defined, poorly visualized borders. It can also be crusted, scaly red elevation having rough surface. Generally, Bowen disease is pink or red plaque type elevation having clear borders. Squamous and Basal types occur on the skin’s sun exposed parts.

Causes

The exact causes for people to develop are still unknown even in today’s modern technological age. However, squamous and basal types are associated with sunlight accumulating over time. Those with light complexions experience high risk of contracting such tumours unlike those with dark complexions. Severe sunburns experienced during young adulthood, adolescence or childhood may cause malignant melanoma. Light-pigmented people especially those with almost white skin, freckles and green or blue eyes are susceptible to it. Melanoma may also be hereditary.

Symptoms noticed & Diagnosis

There are noticed a few common symptoms that you need to be aware of. You may experience persistent skin lesion changing skin colour, shape and size. Skin lesions may suffer from persistent bleeding or ulceration. The qualified doctor will recommend undergoing biopsy to determine skin lesions. During the evaluation of pigmented skin lesions, it will be essential to identify the bad and good signs.

Medical Treatment available

Generally, surgical treatment is recommended based on the patient’s condition. All above-mentioned types can be treated with excision as well as by removing tumour. 90% cure rate is derived for non-pigmented tumours like Bowen disease, Squamous cell carcinoma and Basal Cell Carcinoma through surgical remedy. The alternative methods present to destroy cancer are to scrape using a curette and to use electric cautery (curettage and electro desiccation) to burn the tissue. The other method is to use cryosurgery (liquid nitrogen freezing).

Eliminating the issue

Consulting good doctor during the early stages will ensure getting the best available remedy to suit your specific health condition. This way, you can enjoy a better, cancer-free life and not have to worry about anything.

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