Here’s What You Need To Know About Knee Replacement
What is Knee Replacement?
Knee replacement, also called knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement, is a surgery to remove the damaged, worn out, or diseased parts of the knee joint and replace them with an artificial knee joint implant. Contrary to the name of this procedure, the orthopedic surgeon does not replace the entire knee joint during a knee replacement. Instead, he or she replaces only the damaged parts of the knee joint with metal, plastic, and ceramic components.
The idea of knee replacement hospital in India is not to restore the appearance and function of the natural knee joint. Rather, it is to help reduce pain and improve movement and functionality in order to allow you to lead a more active lifestyle.
A Normal, Healthy Knee Joint Has Three Bones:
- The femur (thigh bone): The long bone in your upper leg that connects your hip and your kneecap (patella)
- The tibia (shin bone): The larger bone in your lower leg that connects your knees to your ankles
- The patella (kneecap): The small bone located in front of your tibia which helps protect your knees by allowing for a greater range of motion
Knee replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can help you get relief from chronic knee pain and stiffness. It helps you feel better, remain physically active without knee pain, and improve your quality of life.
After the surgery, you may have mild pain and stiffness in the new knee joint. Medications and physiotherapy that often begin the day after the surgery would help restore maximum knee function and range of motion. This would also help relieve pain and stiffness.
Physiotherapy and doctor’s prescribed customized exercise plan are considered key to success after a knee replacement surgery. This would also help resolve postoperative pain and would help you get active and participate effectively in regular physical activities again.
Cost of Knee Replacement in India
Knee replacement cost in India starts from INR 1,80,000 to INR 2,50,000. The cost of surgery depends on the type of implant used in knee replacement and the surgical approach used.
The cost of bilateral knee replacement surgery is more than that of unilateral knee replacement surgery. The cost may also vary with the surgeon’s experience and hospital infrastructure.
The approximate cost of knee replacement surgery in India is estimated to be around INR 1,80,000 – INR 2,50,000 based on different factors like the type of implant used (fixed bearing vs rotating platform), surgeon’s fees, and hospital stay charges.
Knee Replacement Surgery Process
Knee replacement is a new and innovative orthopedic surgical technique that allows orthopedic surgeons to carry out the surgery through knee replacement a shorter incision using a modern surgical approach (such as arthroscopic) that avoids trauma to the quadriceps muscle (of the knee joint). As the procedure begins, an IV (intravenous) line is inserted into the patient’s arm to administer anesthesia. Throughout the surgery, the patient’s heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and oxygen level are closely monitored.
This type of knee surgery can be used for patients who have osteoarthritis, a condition in which the cartilage in the knee wears down from overuse. Knee replacement can be used on patients with severe arthritis. The aim of this type of surgery is to increase mobility and reduce pain or discomfort.
Knee replacement surgeries are usually performed when the knee joint gets damaged due to arthritis, a fracture, or other causes. The minimally invasive procedure requires a 3 to 4-inch incision instead of an 8 to 10-inch incision (in traditional knee replacement surgery).
The surgeon will remove the damaged or diseased part of the knee and replace it with an implant (made of ceramic, metal, or plastic components). After placing the knee implant, the surgeon will test for fit and mobility of the knee joint implant before closing the incision. The incision will be then closed using sutures and the patient will be taken to the recovery room.