Brain Tumor: Treatment and how it is diagnosed

If you have a brain tumour, your doctor may recommend a range of tests and treatments, including: 

A brain exam: Vision, hearing, equilibrium, coordination, strength, and reflexes may be evaluated as a neurological examination. Having difficulty in one or more locations may reveal information about the brain region where a brain tumour may be forming.

Imaging examinations MRI is often used to detect brain tumours (MRI). During your MRI test, a dye may sometimes be injected via a vein in your arm.

Obtaining a sample of abnormal tissue for analysis (biopsy). A brain tumour biopsy may be performed with a needle or as part of a surgical procedure to remove the tumour. A stereotactic needle biopsy may be conducted for brain tumours in difficult-to-reach or very sensitive brain parts that a more comprehensive operation may injure. Your skull gets a small hole from your neurosurgeon. A small needle is then used to plug the hole. The needle, typically guided by CT or MRI scans, removes tissue.

Treatment

Brain tumors treatment depends on the kind, size, and location of the tumour, as well as your overall health and preferences.

Surgery

If the brain tumour is in a surgically accessible area, your surgeon will endeavor to remove as much of it as is safely feasible.

Because they are small and easy to separate from the surrounding brain tissue, certain brain tumours may be fully eliminated surgically. Other brain tumours complicate surgery because they are either too near to vital brain regions or cannot be segregated from the surrounding tissue. Your physician will remove as much of the tumour as possible under the circumstances.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to eliminate tumor cells. This brain tumors treatment may be supplied externally (external beam radiation) or, in very rare cases, injected directly into the brain tumor (brachytherapy).

Your whole brain may get external beam radiation therapy, or just the part of your brain where the tumour is located may be targeted (whole-brain radiation). Typically, whole-brain radiation treats cancer that has spread to the brain from another part of the body and formed several tumours there.

Radiosurgery

Stereotactic radiosurgery does not fall within the traditional concept of surgery. Radiosurgery utilises several radiation beams to give a highly focused radiation treatment to eradicate tumour cells in a very small area. Each radiation beam is relatively weak, but the tumour in the brain receives a large amount of radiation, which destroys the tumour cells.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy utilises drugs to eliminate tumour cells. Chemotherapy drugs may be delivered intravenously or orally in tablet form (intravenously). Temozolomide is the most common chemotherapy drug used to treat brain tumours (Temodar). Depending on the kind of cancer, numerous chemotherapy drugs may be prescribed.

During this brain tumors treatment, unpleasant effects are influenced by the kind and quantity of drugs used. It is possible for chemotherapy to cause hair loss, nausea, and vomiting.

Specific pharmaceutical therapy

Targeted drug treatments focus on specific abnormalities that are common in cancer cells. By avoiding these abnormalities, targeted drug therapy may eradicate cancer cells.

Targeted therapy drugs may be used to treat some types of brain tumours, and many more are being evaluated in clinical trials. Your physician may test the tumour cells to assess whether targeted therapy is likely an effective brain tumors treatment.

After Recuperation 

Since brain tumors may develop in brain regions that control speech, cognition, motor skills, and vision, rehabilitation may be necessary as part of the recovery process. Depending on your needs, your physician may recommend that you:

  • Physical therapy may be used to regain lost motor skills and muscle strength.
  • Following a brain tumors treatment or other illness, occupational therapy may assist you in returning to normal activities, such as working.
  • Speech pathologists specializing in speech issues may aid you with speech therapy if you have difficulties in speaking.
  • Assisting kids in adjusting to memory and cognitive changes caused by a brain tumour.

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