Health professionals can keep track of coronavirus outbreaks using a variety of monitoring tools. The best of these tools are free and can be downloaded from the Internet. Here are three examples of these tools: Contact tracing and planning and tracking. In addition, these tools can be helpful when diagnosing the presence of an infection in a particular person.
PNPCODA is an online platform that provides healthcare providers with information about coronavirus outbreaks. Its dashboard features a user-friendly interface, an interactive map, and a data visualization tool. Users can input data on diseases, vaccination coverage, and patient history. The app can be used on computers and mobile devices. It offers templates for data entry. Users must have an active Covid account to access the dashboard.
Users can customize their dashboards and analyze data from multiple sources. The dashboards also have calendars and interactive graphs. The dashboards can be used by healthcare providers, healthcare consumers, and the public alike. The dashboards can be shared and updated securely and can be accessed from a variety of devices.
Planning and tracking
Planning and tracking coronavirus epidemics are critical steps in preventing or mitigating the effects of an outbreak. These measures include the disease severity and viral transmissibility, as well as pre and post-symptomatic transmission. The app also allows users to share their information with the Ministry of Health and hospitals.
Screening for infection
There are a variety of diagnostic tests available to screen for Coronavirus infection. More are being developed and approved for emergency use. There are four main techniques used to detect the presence of the virus: reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, lateral flow, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time PCR. The first two methods are simple and offer rapid results. ELISA is another fast and easy test that has high throughput.
The optimal specimens for screening for COVID-19 infection are collected from the upper respiratory tract, oropharyngeal swab, and lower respiratory tract. Other methods of screening include bronchoalveolar lavage and expectorated sputum.
Contact tracing is a useful tool for coronavirus monitoring, especially for outbreaks of the disease. Contact tracing is a process wherein patients who have a high-risk exposure to the virus are identified and contacted. The information provided is used to determine if there has been a risk of the virus spreading to other people. In many cases, the virus can be transmitted directly from person to person.
Contact tracing is most effective when all contacts are symptomatic. This is because the presence of symptoms perfectly relates to the risk of transmission. For example, contacts of Ebola are almost always symptomatic. This makes contact tracing an extremely effective tool for battling Ebola. On the other hand, contacts of COVID-19 are often asymptomatic and may be presymptomatic.
Quarantine and self-isolation
The use of self-isolation and quarantine as coronavirus monitoring tools has recently received more attention from researchers. In Taiwan, for example, the city government has created an app that will monitor the movements of people in quarantine. If someone is detected with the virus, the app will send a text message instructing them to enter a quarantine area. The app also uses location data to determine whether a person is within 2 meters of another person who is coronavirus positive.
In California, local health jurisdictions have the legal authority to order quarantine or isolation, but the approach may vary, so it is important to seek legal counsel before implementing any measures. For example, some jurisdictions have issued blanket isolation orders or immediate quarantine for close contacts, while others have sought voluntary cooperation without a legal order.