Everyone uses the 9mm Luger cartridge. The 9mm is a powerful calibre that works well for self-defence. 115 to 124-grain bullets are quickly propelled to speeds of over 1100 fps by the 9mm. 1300 fps may be reached with loadings at +P or more significant pressures.
The 9mm is a better cartridge than most critics would have you believe. Yet, it is not nearly as excellent as some of its supporters imagine. It has developed into what many users consider the best personal-defence calibre.
.355-inch bullets are used in 9mm guns. Although it is inferior to smaller calibres, it can do tasks that bigger calibres cannot. The 9mm has all the recoil that most shooters are prepared to learn.
Many extremely seasoned shooters choose the 9mm due to its superb control, decent practical accuracy, and ample ammo supply. With practice, a small 9mm Luger handgun may be easily handled.
A small. It could be difficult to wield a 40 S&W pistol or a.38 Special small-frame revolver. The 9mm Luger ammunition is chambered in some of the best pistols.
Additionally, a lot of accessible handguns are 9mm chambered. Selecting a loading with a suitable combination of expansion and penetration is crucial.
All calibres must have sufficient penetration for incredible impact, and the 9mm needs substantial expansion to be effective. FMJ loads without addition have shown to be ineffective. Five solid 9mm defence loads were sought after.
I vowed to evaluate each loading for wound potential in addition to dependability and accuracy when assigned this duty. I tested the loads without considering advertised velocities or exaggerated claims.
There is a lot of false information about the possibility of wounds. Many people are unaware of the need to examine a source’s credibility while comprehending and utilizing it.
There is astounding misinformation. I test for penetration and expansion with water since the findings are within 10% of those obtained with gelatin. It is a lot simpler to work with.
While some may argue that this isn’t as reliable as gelatin testing, the truth is that it is. As I previously said, the results of water and gelatin tests are often within 10% of one another in terms of penetration and expansion.
Neither is very similar to flesh and bone. Gelatin’s main benefit is the ability to see and even maintain the wound channel. Water alone provides the finished product. On the other hand, it is simple to verify my work.
- Hornady Critical Defense Lite 100-Grain
This loading meets the demand for low-recoil loading, especially in a tiny pistol, for people of petite size. Older shooters may also feel a need for lower recoil.
The Hornady load performs admirably despite the lighter bullets. The average speed was 1140 fps. 12 inches of water were penetrated, and the moderate expansion was 0.59 inches.
This is a reliable option for shooters who are afraid of recoil or who use the smallest 9mm pistols.
- 115-Grain Extrema Fiocchi
This is a reliable load that is adaptable and versatile. It delivers good accuracy and a clean powder burn and functions flawlessly in every 9mm round I have shot. The 115-grain Fiocchi Extrema isn’t loaded too hot or too light. It is just right! The accuracy is superb. The load averaged 1160 frames per second. 16 inches of penetration and 0.55 inches of highly uniform expansion were measured.
- 115-Grain Critical Defense by Hornady
A polymer plug is used by the Critical Defense to trigger expansion. This is effective with a range of materials. The Hornady Critical Defense load is loaded to 1151 fps.
16 inches was the perfect penetration depth, while 0.58 inches was the ideal expansion depth. This is an effective all-around defensive load.
- Underwood JHP, 124-Grain
At least one +P or maximum-effort loading was something I wanted to test. The average frame rate for the Underwood loading is 1302 fps. Of all the loads tested, recoil was the highest.
This is probably not the one we would use in a sub-compact handgun. More significant recoil and increased slide velocity could cause problems. In GLOCK 19, the load was dependable and accurate.
The test had the most penetration at 18 inches and the most significant expansion at 0.82 inches. That has a lot of potential for wounds.
- 147-Gram Buffalo Bore JHP
Buffalo Bore furthermore provides fast-stepping 9mm loads in weights of 115 and 124 grains. To test a heavyweight 9mm, I wanted to. The 147-grain JHP appears to have a standard velocity of between 960 and 1000 fps.
This loading surpasses GLOCK 19’s average frame rate of 1047. For a 147-grain bullet, this velocity is outstanding, and the recoil is moderate. Reliability is beneficial.
This is a good option if you need to penetrate deeply against attackers wearing heavy clothing or believe that a scenario with a light cover is likely. 20 inches of penetration and a dependable 0.56 inches of expansion were measured.